The neurosurgeon is responsible for the surgical treatment of the central and peripheral nervous system.

By central we mean the brain and the spinal cord.
By peripheral we mean all other nerves.

The most well-known is nerve impingement due to a disc hernia. However, this is discussed in the chapter on disorders of the spinal column.

Here we provide an overview of the treatment of the nerves that have exited the spinal column. The most common example is carpal tunnel syndrome.